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Beale & Company Article: Early warning obligations in Consultancy Appointments

Fiona Mckay

The ACE Professional Services Agreement 2017 ("ACE PSA") is the latest standard form contract to include an "early warning" regime, as highlighted in our summary of key points in our recent note on ACE PSA.

Tom Pemberton and Andrew Croft discuss early warning regimes and how they aim to "flush out" issues at an early stage before they escalate. However, they are not without their risks and need to be managed carefully.

Click here to read the full article.

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Beale & Company Article: Reports from the Courts

Fiona Mckay

Our regular round up of court decisions of most interest to construction comes from Andrew Croft and Simii Sivapalan and focuses on two disputes over oral contracts; one with major implications for 'smash and grab' adjudications; and the other highlighting the importance of agreeing costs and the basis of their calculation at the start of any construction contract.

Click here to read the full article.

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Beale & Company Article: The future of PFI - Summary of key points made during a panel discussion on 26 January 2017

Fiona Mckay

Beale & Company and Atkin Chambers hosted a panel-led discussion earlier this year entitled 'Making PFI Work'. We were honoured to have Sir Antony Edwards-Stuart (Judge in Charge of the Technology and Construction Court until his retirement in November 2016) chair the panel of speakers. They consisted of Andrew Goddard QC and Stephanie Barwise QC of Atkin Chambers, and Tom Pemberton of Beale & Company.

Here we provide a summary of the key points made during the panel discussion.

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2017 Annual General Meeting Review

Fiona Mckay

The AIA UK Chapter Annual General Meeting is a unique mixture of social evening, continuing education event and business meeting all in one. Following a long tradition from the 1990’s, this year’s AGM - held on Wednesday, 18 January 2017 - was hosted by our long term sponsor, Herman Miller.

Herman Miller’s showroom provided an ideal background for socialising, including copious refreshments. Mark Catchlove, Director of Herman Miller’s Knowledge & Insight Group, gave a presentation entitled “Fundamental Human Needs” that both amused and informed, while providing a welcome CEU for members.

The 2016 President, Fred Grier, moved back to Chicago late in the year, but maintained his leadership role via internet links until the AGM. His presentation of “2016 Year in Review” highlighted over 30 AIA UK events with nearly 60 Continuing Education Credits. See the full review HERE.

The slate of proposed 2017 Board of Directors was announced along with the encouragement – as always – for further nominations to be presented from the floor. Voting was unanimous for the following.

President: Fatos Peja, Int’l Assoc.
Vice President: Alex Miller, AIA
Secretary: Lorraine King, AIA
Treasurer: Anna Foden, AIA

Etain Fitzpatrick, AIA (also IR Representative)
Michael Lischer FAIA
Chris Musangi, AIA
Deborah Bartlett, Int'l Assoc. AIA
Lutz Barndt AIA
Amrita Raja, AIA
Yevgeniy Beylkin Int'l Assoc. AIA ARB RIBA
Robert Rhodes, AIA
Ecehan Esra Top, Int'l Assoc. AIA
Bea Sennewald, AIA RIBA
Lester Korziliius, AIA RIBA
Benjamin Lee, AIA  
Katharine Storr, AIA
Fariba Shirdel, AIA

AIA Board Correspondents:
A non-voting Board Correspondent is a full, part-time or temporary attendee at Board Meetings. Any unassigned member; allied and affiliate member; honorary member or other professional with an interest in this Chapter can become a Correspondent at any time during the year. The position of Board Correspondents was formalised this year for three new participants.

Lulu Yang
Fred Grier
Nicolas Kehagias.

Chapter Executive: Fiona McKay

The business side of the AGM was kept as succinct as possible, but the AGM remains as always the critical focus for the Chapter’s governance. In addition to the essential approval of the Accounts, membership report and election of the new Board of Directors, this year’s business also included a motion to approve the revised Chapter Bylaws. 

According to the new procedures, the Bylaws were sent out by email to the full AIA UK Chapter membership for any final comments in February. As no comments were received, the Minutes are now deemed to have been approved.



By Lorraine King, Secretary UK Chapter

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ARE Workshop

Fiona Mckay

On 15 February 2017, Desso hosted the AIA UK's ARE Workshop 2017. The coordinators,  Ben Lee and Katharine Storr, as well as president Fatos Peja,  began the evening by welcoming the group of professionals interested in learning about the path to American licensure, first for snacks and drinks in the Desso showroom and then for a presentation downstairs in the conference area. The AIA UK Chapter was pleased to see so many faces and to be able to facilitate a lively discussion about the participants’ expectations and experiences. The self-directed nature of the exams and the difficulty of completing them internationally when local firms often do not fully understand or support the undertaking means it is even more important to foster a community of candidates who can help guide each other through the process.

London, Abu Dhabi and Hong Kong are the three locations outside of the United States where it is possible to take the NCARB's Architect Registration Examinations. As such the AIA UK chapter is committed to helping international members and others interested in pursuing licensure in the US to make use of the opportunity here in London.

In 2016 NCARB introduced ARE version 5.0 which will replace the 4.0 version launched in 2008. Currently, if candidates have already registered to take the 4.0 exams they can choose to continue with 4.0 or to transition to version 5.0. However, if a candidate is registering for the first time, they will be obliged to take the new 5.0 version.  

There are two primary differences between 4.0 and 5.0. The first is a difference in the division of exam categories:

Version 4.0 is comprised of 7 divisions:

Schematic Design

Programming, Planning and Practice

Site Planning & Design

Building Systems

Construction Documents & Services

Building Design & Construction Systems

Structural Systems

Version 5.0 is comprised of 6 divisions:

Practice Management

Project Management

Programming & Analysis

Project Planning & Design

Project Development & Documentation

Construction & Evaluation

(For a full comparison of the two versions see NCARB's diagram here. )


The second major change is that 5.0 will include 3 new types of questions integrated into the multiple choice format: hot spots, drag and place items and case study questions. These new types will replace the separate design vignettes used in version 4.0.

(For links to videos on the new question types

There are many printed and online study resources available (see the list below). A majority of the existing resources were written for version 4.0, but the content will still be relevant and many older practice questions and exams are still valuable resources for demonstrating understanding of the topics and guiding study.  To help candidates parse through which new division a given question will fit into, a valuable exercise is to sort questions based on topic with the help of  the NCARB study guides and 5.0 handbook available here,  As the transition from 4.0 to 5.0 continues there will be additional support, specifically for ARE versions 5.0.



- Kaplan/Brightwood ARE Study Guides for ARE 4 & 5 (

- PPI ARE Study Manual by Kent Ballast, for ARE 4 & 5 (

- ARE Mock Exams by Gang Chen (

- NALSA - for ArchiFlash flashcards and Norman Dorf's ARE 4.0 Vignette Videos (


Online Resources and Forums

- ARE Coach (

- ARE Endurance (

- Caroline's / Jenny's Notes (mainly for CDS/PPP, they are scattered in different places so please do a Google search for them)

- Youtube


NCARB Resources

- ARE 4.0 Community:

- ARE 5.0 Community:

- NCARB Blog

- NCARB's Youtube Channel

- NCARB ARE Handbooks for 4.0:

- NCARB ARE Handbooks for 5.0:


Subscription Courses (Live/Online Seminars)

- Black Spectacles ARE Prep (endorsed by the AIA):

- David Thaddeus Structures Seminars:

- Michael Ermann Building Systems Courses:

By Katharine Storr and Ben Lee


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The AIA and the UK Architects Act

Fiona Mckay

It is important that all members of the AIA UK Chapter are aware that the use of the title “architect” in the UK is protected under Section 20 of the Architects Act 1997. It can only be used in business or practice by someone who has had the education, training and experience needed to become an architect, and who is registered in the UK with the Architects Registration Board – the ARB.

Whereas most of our Chapter’s members are fully trained and experienced professionals, not all of us are ARB registered. Therefore, any member who claims to be an architect working in the UK without ARB registration could be prosecuted for committing an offence under the Act. If convicted, individuals would incur fines up to £2,500 (plus costs for each offense) and would also be stigmatised with a criminal record.

The ARB considers regulating the use of the title “architect” as one if its “highest profile activities”, and there is a possibility it could initiate legal proceedings against AIA architects unless individuals are seen to comply with the Act.

When this issue was brought to the Chapter’s attention in the 1990s, individual members began describing themselves “US registered architects”; narrowing the focus of their services; or taking other precautions. For many years, this common sense, low key approach left our members undisturbed. However, ARB has recently notified an AIA member of potential prosecution under the Act simply for using a “US qualified Architect” description and the “AIA” abbreviation on an international LinkedIn page.

It is therefore strongly recommended that American or other non EU registered architects working in the UK visit the ARB website for an overview of the Act. The short publication entitled “What we do to regulate use of the title “architect”” is the best starting point and can be found HERE.

If you are contacted by the ARB, we recommend that you return correspondence and proof to the ARB indicating that you will be attending to the violations listed quickly and efficiently. However, you should also seek whatever clarification is required direct from the ARB or from an independent legal advisor.

Although the UK Chapter is sending this warning to its membership, it is up to individual members - not the AIA - to ensure their own compliance.

The AIA UK Chapter must also consider its own situation in respect of the Act. As the Chapter is promoting the architecture in general and is not providing or advertising architectural services itself, we do not consider that we are in violation of the Act, nor is membership in the Chapter or participation in our events or governance a violation.

The AIA will continue discussions on this issue with the ARB and with the AIA National legal counsel, the RIBA and other involved parties to establish guidelines for compliance. One of our corporate sponsors, the legal firm Beale & Company, is also considering one of its future legal seminars to cover this and related topics.

We will, however, review our use of the individual title “architect” on our announcements, website and newsletters at least until we have confirmation from the ARB on what is acceptable usage. The ARB publication “What we do to regulate the use of the title “Architect”” is a good starting point for a basic understanding of the issues.

Some of the main points from that publication and other ARB correspondence are identified below, but we advise that you should also refer to the ARB’s website for more details and case studies:

  • Anybody may provide architectural services in the UK, but they must not use the title “architect” if they are not ARB registered. The terms “architecture” and “architectural” are not protected, nor does there seem to be an embargo on other terms such as “designer”.
  • Abbreviations that include the term “architect” – specifically RIBA - are subject to prosecution, but the ARB has made clear this would also include “AIA”.
  • The use of the title “architect” is not acceptable even if qualified by denial of ARB registration or by reference to another jurisdiction (except for architects registered in the European Union where there are separate rules).
  • The title “architect” can be used in a way that is not connected to building design or construction, for example as a software or landscape architect.
  • As well as the basic marketing tools such as business cards and websites, the ARB takes evidence from other official documents such as planning applications. It is possible, for example, that architect’s appointment documents could be used, etc.
  • Firms or partnerships can use “architect” in their business name as long as an ARB registered architect is in direct control of the architectural work.

We would like to hear from you if you have been approached by the ARB or are interesting in learning more about the topic. Please contact us by sending a message to We will also keep you informed of any future developments

By Lorraine King, Secretary UK Chapter

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